Current European Energy Architecture


  • Alexandru PETREA PhD student, Doctoral School of the “Alexandru cel Bun” Military Academy, Chisinău


The current European energy architecture is in continuous evolution, considering environmental and climate priorities, but also the need to ensure energy security and accessibility for all citizens. Within this architecture, Romania and the Republic of Moldova face specific challenges and opportunities. Romania has rich natural resources, including oil, natural gas, coal, and hydropower. However, there is still a need to modernize and diversify the energy mix to make it more environmentally sustainable and reduce dependence on fossil sources. In recent years, Romania has made progress in the development of renewable energy, such as wind and solar energy, but there is still a long way to go to achieve the European goals of reducing carbon emissions and increasing the proportion of renewable energy in total consumption. As for the Republic of Moldova, the country faces significant energy challenges, including heavy dependence on energy imports, aging infrastructure and the need for modernization. The Republic of Moldova aims to diversify its energy sources and improve its energy efficiency to become more independent and sustainable from an energy point of view. Partnerships with other states and international institutions, such as the European Union, play an important role in supporting these efforts. In the European context, both countries are motivated to align themselves with European energy objectives and regulations, to facilitate their integration into the European energy market and to benefit from financial and technical support in the process of modernization and energy transition. Regional projects and collaboration between neighboring countries can also play a crucial role in developing energy infrastructure and ensuring greater energy security for the entire region. KEYWORDS: energy transition, renewable energies, energy security, energy diversification, regional collaboration