Operative Judicial Photography


  • Cosmin BUTURĂ Romanian Association of Forensic Sciences, Bucharest, Romania


Photography is the combination of two sciences that transpose the real moments spent into a single image. The first science, namely the exact science, physics, comprises the use of the lens designed to focus objects or people in a frame defined by the device, with the help of an electronic image sensor. With each pixel produced, the sensor manufactures an electrical charge, which is then processed and stored in a digital image. Towards the end, due to chemical development, a visible image appears, either positive or negative, representing the finished product emitted by the camera. The second science is the science of art, more precisely, the art of graphics, which outlines in an image all the elements that appear within the device's lens. From a graphical point of view, we understand that the device copies all the positive and negative details of objects, elements, people, and phenomena occurring within it. Globally, photography has remained a key aspect of society, influencing human thinking. In most cases, the photos are taken to keep unique moments, which we currently spend with our friends or family members, but which will well-dispose us in the future when we become nostalgic. However, in other cases, the photos remained a balance that supports the truth and lies in their rocking chair. The cameras were and are key technical equipment of the criminal investigation officers because they can accurately show the reality that happened at that time, serving in the confrontation with the statements of the suspect or the defendant. This equipment entered and in possession of the police has evolved, within the legal framework, to the middle rank in the court files from those times and today. So, at present, legally speaking, photos are used on the speed detection devices means of evidence in files that involve different criminal or financial (such as money) offenses, on the sharing of a property (such as urban or extra-urban land), etc. Within this article, the author will treat the art of photography in the field of forensics as follows: on-site shooting procedures, orientation photography, sketching photography, main objects, detail photography, special shooting procedures, corpse shooting procedures, and photographic measurements.