Theoretical Linkages between Status of Maternal and Child Health in India and Risk of Non-Communicable Diseases
Keywords:Maternal and child health, non-communicable diseases, reproductive care, socio-economic determinants of health
AbstractThe Global Burden of Diseases Study 2019 reports that metabolic abnormalities and high BMI since childhood are the primary reasons for the increasing burden of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in India. Popularly, these conditions are associated with consumption and lifestyle patterns such as high fat, energy-dense foods, sedentary lifestyle, stress, etc. So, the government is focused on preventing NCDs by promoting healthy diets and physical exercise. Public knowledge of the link between adverse in-utero environment and metabolic abnormalities during childhood, which impact the future health of an individual is under-recognized. Given this background, this paper discusses the implications of adverse pregnancy or birth outcomes (such as low birth weight, premature deliveries, etc.) of an infant on its long-term health, thereby establishing that proper reproductive care can play an instrumental role in averting the risk of NCDs in the future. Essentially, this paper analyses how prenatal, neo-natal and early childhood conditions play a preemptive role in the future incidence of NCDs and their management through appropriate policies that can aid in averting the risk of NCDs.
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